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Vol. 39, no. 3 (Fall 1997)



Political Philology: Everyday Consequences of Grandiose Grammars Michael Herzfeld 351
Relativization in Thompson River Salish Paul D. Kroeber 376
A Reexamination of Proto-Athabaskan *y Keren Rice 423
On Reduplication in Ojibwa Joseph L. Malone 437

Book Reviews

Plastic Glasses and Church Fathers: Semantic Extension from the Ethnoscience Tradition (David B. Kronenfeld) Nick Enfield 459
Puerto Rican Discourse: A Sociolinguistic Study of a New York Suburb (Lourdes Torres) John Attinasi 465
Acting Out Participant Examples in the Classroom (Stanton E. F. Wortham) David W. Dinwoodie 467
Performing Dreams: Discourses of Immortality among the Xavante of Central Brazil (Laura R. Graham) Suzanne R. Oakdale 470
Holy Wednesday: A Nahua Drama from Early Colonial Mexico (Louise M. Burkhart) Susan Schroeder 473
The History of Basque (R. L. Trask) Josť Ignacio Hualde 475
Batad Ifugao Dictionary with Ethnographic Notes (Leonard E. Newell, compiler) Patricia O. Afable 482
The Genesis of a Language: The Formation and Development of Korlai Portuguese (J. Clancy Clements) Ian Hancock 484
Nationalism and the Genealogical Imagination: Oral History and Textual Authority in Tribal Jordan (Andrew Shryock) John R. Bowen 487
Language, Charisma, and Creativity: The Ritual Life of a Religious Movement (Thomas J. Csordas) Peter Stromberg 488
Ung Sprogforsker pa Rejse: Breve til og fra Holger Pedersen 1892-1896 Ruth Bentzen Benedicte Nielsen 490
Ideology and Linguistic Theory: Noam Chomsky and the Deep Structure Debates (Geoffrey J. Huck and John A. Goldsmith) Robert Freidin 494


Political Philology: Everyday Consequences of Grandiose Grammars

Michael Herzfeld
Harvard University

Abstract. The politicization of language in Greece produced a form of "political philology" that makes etymology an important but contested item of symbolic capital and a yardstick of cultural and moral purity. The effects of this process are also evident in the morphological preferences exhibited in everyday and public usage, especially in politically sensitive contexts. The official demise of the once-powerful purist register (katharevousa) has led to an increasingly complex pattern of ambiguity, allowing skilled social actors to deploy puristic forms against those who once claimed to represent the national ideal.

Relativization in Thompson River Salish

Paul D. Kroeber
Indiana University

Abstract. The morphology and surface syntax of relative clauses and related focusing constructions in Thompson River Salish are described, and the broader paradigmatic context of types of subordination and focusing with which these constructions contrast is sketched. Of particular interest are the determination of relative clause predicate morphology by what is relativized and the treatment of relativization of locatives - the latter having distinctive properties in comparison to other Salish languages.

A Reexamination of Proto-Athabaskan *y

Keren Rice
University of Toronto

Abstract. In this paper, I argue that the reconstruction of both nonnasal sonorants and voiced fricatives for Proto-Athapaskan (Krauss and Leer 1981) is unnecessary, but that these were one and the same, namely, voiced sonorants. The evidence presented by Krauss and Leer favoring both sonorants and voiced fricatives is reevaluated, and it is shown that with current assumptions of phonological theory, the conclusion that both are necessary cannot be upheld. A simplification in the Proto-Athapaskan consonant inventory is achieved by this reanalysis.

On Reduplication in Ojibwa

Joseph L. Malone
Barnard College and Columbia University

Abstract. The incidence of prefixal reduplication is analyzed in 400-odd pages of traditional Ojibwa stories (Jones 1919), making for a total corpus of 275 items. The most prominent general function of this important derivational device is to convey expansiveness, a force that makes itself felt in time or space either "horizontally," in the case of repetitives, continuatives, and distributives or "vertically," in the case of energics. Less prominently represented than expansive forms are handicaptives and inceptives at least the latter of which may have arisen as a generalization of repetitive or continuative action (the more protracted an event, the more salient its beginning). The paper concludes with a brief discussion of reduplicated forms that may be losing their expansive force through lexicalization.

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