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|Distance, Direction, and Relevance: How to Choose and Use a Demonstrative in Manambu||Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald||1|
|Idioms, Polysemy, and Context: A Model Based on Nigerian Arabic||Jonathan Owens||46|
|Fluent Selves: Autobiography, Person, and History in Lowland South America (Suzanne Oakdale and Magnus Course, editors)||Juan Luis Rodriguez||99|
|Wellness Beyond Words: Maya Compositions of Speech and Silence in Medical Care (T. S. Harvey)||Jennifer R. Guzmán||101|
|Language Contact, Inherited Similarity and Social Difference: The Story of Linguistic Interaction in the Maya Lowlands (Danny Law)||John S. Robertson||104|
Abstract. Manambu, a Ndu language from East Sepik Province in Papua New Guinea, has a complex system of demonstratives, with many typologically unusual features. Nominal demonstratives distinguish three degrees of distance: close to speaker, close to addressee, and distal from both. They can contain markers of further distance or of topographic deixis, which reflects spatial orientation frames ‘uphill’, ‘upriver’, ‘downhill’, ‘downriver’, and ‘off-river’. A special set of demonstratives marking ‘current relevance’ can express further distance and topographic deixis. Some, but not all, demonstratives have anaphoric functions. Cataphoric functions are attested just for manner demonstratives. A noun phrase may contain two demonstratives, specifying information that cannot be expressed within one word. The article concludes with a discussion of functional markedness within the Manambu demonstrative system.
Abstract. This article contributes to the debate between monosemic and polysemic approaches to linguistic semantics by a close examination of Nigerian Arabic idiomatic expressions involving the keyword ‘head’. Three broad categories of constraints on polysemy can be identified, which limit polysemy, but not to the extent that a fully monosemic account can be motivated. An inherent, stipulative polysemy resides in idioms and in their constitutive lexemes. The attempt to motivate a monosemic account highlights factors constraining polysemy, sets limits to their effects, suggests a taxonomy which brings together essential structural and semantic aspects of idioms, and simultaneously elucidates the rich, multifaceted world of a simple lexeme.
Last updated: 17 Feb 2016
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