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Vol. 58, no. 3 (Fall 2016)


Verb Classes in Juchitán Zapotec Gabriela Pérez Báez and Terrence Kaufman 217

Įįjih and Request Formation in Upper Tanana: Evidence from Narrative Texts Olga Lovick 258

Active-Stative Agreement in Tunica Raina Heaton 299

Book Reviews

The Clause-Typing System of Plains Cree: Indexicality, Anaphoricity, and Contrast (Clare Cook) Will Oxford 327
Haitian Creole: Structure, Variation, Status, Origin (Albert Valdman) Sibylle Kriegel 329


Verb Classes in Juchitán Zapotec

Gabriela Pérez Báez
Smithsonian Institution

Terrence Kaufman
University of Pittsburgh

Abstract. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of verb classes in Juchitán Zapotec, an Otomanguean language belonging to the Zapotec branch of Zapotecan, following the four-class system of verbal classification laid out in earlier work by Terrence Kaufman. Our analysis, based on a thorough review of over two thousand Juchitán Zapotec verbs, confirms the applicability of the four-class system to Juchitán Zapotec data, improving over previous analyses of verbal morphology in the language and adding to the evidence that this system can be applied throughout the Zapotecan family (including Chatino); further, our study stresses the relevance of data-driven rather than theory-driven linguistic analyses.

Įįjih and Request Formation in Upper Tanana: Evidence from Narrative Texts

Olga Lovick
First Nations University of Canada

Abstract. Formation and use of direct positive and negative requests in Upper Tanana (Dene) are investigated through qualitative analysis of narrative texts. Choice of request form depends on speakers’ evaluation of their entitlement, as well as of the contingencies involved in granting the request. Negative requests are relatively infrequent because they are easily construed as criticism of the hearer’s knowledge of įįjih, the moral underpinnings of Upper Tanana society, and are thus usually avoided unless the addressee is someone of whom knowledge of įįjih cannot be expected.

Active-Stative Agreement in Tunica

Raina Heaton
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

Abstract. While the languages of the southeastern United States have been characterized as having active-stative alignment, there has been little or no discussion of exactly how the language isolate Tunica fits into this linguistic landscape. The Tunica agreement system can be formally characterized as an active system with stative vs. nonstative agreement—particularly in the earlier data, which preserves underlying forms that had eroded by the time of Mary Haas’s major documentation and make the active-stative nature of the agreement system more transparent.

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