[X] Anthropological Linguistics

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Vol. 41, no. 3 (Fall 1999)


Color and Texture in the Maya Language of Yucatan Victoria R. Bricker283
Worora Gender Metaphors and Australian PrehistoryMark Clendon308
Some Special Morphological Characteristics of the White Mountain Dialect of ApacheanPhilip J. Greenfeld356

Discussion and Debate

Remarks on Eser Erguvanli Taylan's Review of Turkish Jaklin Kornfilt382

Book Reviews

Chantyal Dictionary and Texts (Michael Noonan, with Ram Prasad Bhulanja, Jag Man Chhantyal, and Willian Pagliuca) David Bradley388
Evenki (Igor Nedjalkov) György Kara391
American Indian Languages: Cultural and Social Contexts (Shirley Silver and Wick R. Miller) Michael K. Foster396
Natural Histories of Discourses (Michael Silverstein and Greg Urban, editors) Aaron A. Fox400
Beyond Textuality: Asceticism and Violence in Anthropological Interpretation (Gilles Bibeau and Ellen E. Corin, editors) Dimitra Doukas402
Linguistic Ecology: Language Change and Linguistic Imperialism in the Pacific (Peter Mühlhäusler) Don Kulick404
Signs, Language, and Communication: Integrational and Segregational Approaches (Roy Harris)David W. Samuels406
Language Mixing in Infant Bilingualism: A Sociolinguistic Perspective (Elizabeth Lanza) Annick De Houwer409
Neighborhood and Ancestry: Variation in the Spoken Arabic of Maiduguri, Nigeria (Jonathan Owens) Janet C. E. Watson412
Haitian Immigrants in Black America: A Sociological and Sociolinguistic Portrait (Flore Zphir) Albert Valdman415
The Nostratic Macrofamily and Linguistic Palaeontology (Aharon Dolgopolsky, with an introduction by Colin Renfrew) and Indo-European, Nostratic, and Beyond: Festschrift for Vitalij V. Shevoroshkin (Irn Hegedus, Peter A. Michalove, and Alexis Manaster Ramer, editors) Harold C. Fleming417
Language Form and Language Function (Frederick J. Newmeyer) Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy426


Color and Texture in the Maya Language of Yucatan

Victoria R. Bricker
Tulane University

Abstract. The Maya language of Yucatan has only five basic color terms (?ek' 'black', cak 'red, pink, orange, rust colored', k'an 'yellow, orange', sak 'white', and y?a 'green'), but they appear in seventy-five compound stems that discriminate semantically among variables other than hue, including brightness, saturation, relative size and discreteness, opacity, and texture. A number of these stems are concerned with texture, as are many of the affect stems in this language, suggesting a semantic relationship between them. The same relationship between color compounds and affects is documented for Tzotzil, another Mayan language, for which there are almost one thousand color compounds.

Worora Gender Metaphors and Australian Prehistory

Mark Clendon
University of Adelaide

Abstract. The gender semantics of Worora (a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Kimberley region of northern Australia) is examined, and linguistic and cultural explanations are sought for the categories observed. An opposition is uncovered in the nonhuman macrogender between intensions that refer underlyingly to the earth, on the one hand, and to the sky, on the other. The formal and functional properties of the system are then compared with those of Nunggubuyu, a non-Pama-Nyungan language of eastern Arnhem Land. On the basis of this comparison, a historical explanation is suggested to account for the typological similarities observed.

Some Special Morphological Characteristics of the White Mountain Dialect of Apachean

Philip J. Greenfeld
San Diego State University

Abstract. Morphological differences between White Mountain Apache and the other Apachean languages include both divergences in the phonological shape of morphemes due to regular sound change and the existence of morphemes unique to White Mountain Apache. This article briefly reviews some lexical differences between White Mountain Apache and Navajo and then examines differences in stem form, clitics, conjunctions, interrogatives, independent pronouns, and prefixes. The primary focus of the comparison is Navajo, but some attention is paid to other Apachean and Northern Athabaskan languages. The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of Apachean dialects as ethnic boundary markers.

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