[X] Anthropological Linguistics

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Vol. 43, no. 2 (Summer 2001)



Aspects of the Phonetics of Tlingit Ian Maddieson, Caroline L. Smith, and Nicola Bessell135
Who Is Súnulqaz?: A Salish Quest Jan P. van Eijk177
Inequality in Address Behavior at Public Institutions in La Paz, Bolivia María E. Placencia198

Book Reviews

Determiner Systems and Quantificational Strategies: Evidence from Salish (Lisa Matthewson) Keren Rice 218
Wari´┐Ż: The Pacaas Novos Language of Western Brazil (Dan Everett and Barbara Kern) Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald 223
African Languages: An Introduction (Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse, editors) Olanike Ola Orie 227
Die itelmenische Sprache: Grammatik und Texte (Stephan Georg and Alexander P. Volodin) Jonathan David Bobaljik 229
Numerals: Comparative-Etymological Analyses of Numerical Systems and Their Implications (Saharan, Nubian, Egyptian, Berber, Kartvelian, Uralic, Altaic, and Indo-European Languages) (Václav Blazek) Peter Bakker 234
Approaches to the Evolution of Language: Social and Cognitive Bases (James R. Hurford, Michael Studdert-Kennedy, and Chris Knight, editors) W. Tecumseh Fitch 236
Aspects of Zaiwa Prosody: An Autosegmental Account (Mark W. Wannemacher) David Bradley 242
A Grammar of Meithei (Shobhana L. Chelliah) James A. Matisoff 246
Talk Is Cheap: Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language (John Haiman) Michael Toolan 251


Determiner Systems and Quantificational Strategies: Evidence from Salish

Ian Maddieson
University of California, Berkeley

Caroline L. Smith
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

Nicola Bessell
Newbury Park, California

Abstract. This article reports on a phonetic investigation of Tlingit, the principal indigenous language of Southeast Alaska, based on fieldwork with several speakers in Juneau. A general survey of the consonant, vowel, and tone systems is given. Special attention is devoted to the manners of production of the stop consonants of the language and the distribution of aspiration. The rarely encountered distinction between pulmonic and ejective fricatives is examined in some detail. Acoustic and aerodynamic data show t hat the ejective fricatives of Tlingit, unlike the putative ejective fricatives of some other languages, are true ejectives, despite their considerable frication duration.

Who Is Súnulqaz?: A Salish Quest

Jan P. van Eijk
Saskatchewan Indian Federated College

Abstract. Lillooet traditional cosmology recognizes a supernatural being called súnulqaz, which manifests itself as a gigantic animal, usually a serpent. A being with an etymologically related name and similar attributes is recognized by a number of other Sali sh cultures, namely, Straits, Halkomelem, and Squamish, while a similar animal, called by unrelated names, appears in yet other Salish cultures. This article discusses the various functions of this being in those Salish cultures where it occurs, as well a s the etymological history of the name súnulqaz, and serves as a contribution to cryptozoology and the study of beings not recognized in the western taxonomic canon.

Inequality in Address Behavior at Public Institutions in La Paz, Bolivia

María E. Placencia
Birkbeck College, University of London

Abstract. Observation of service encounters in three public institutions in La Paz, Bolivia, reveals that there are differences in the way marginalized indigenous people, as opposed to members of the mainstream, urban, white-mestizo population, are addressed by ins titutional representatives. In this article, I show what these differences are and highlight what appear to be institutionalized, discriminatory linguistic practices through which "otherness" is marked and "respectability" is conferred or withheld.

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